Describe how acquired brain injury can affect the family

Answer #1. How acquired brain injury can affect the family: It is family affair. & Acquired Brain Injury is different to some other conditions is That its effects can be 2. very sudder, * Families may have to adjust to Enormous most change is usumstances over a very shook space & time, as part ble . Parents may fau a tough time trying to get. An acquired brain injury could affect all members and nearly every bit of the time. The shock in the hospital, pressures of coming back home, and daily struggles of h view the full answer Previous question Next questio

5. Describe how acquired brain injury can affect the ..

1. Describe how overtraining can lead to chronic injury. A: Overtraining,a condition that occurs as a result of exceeding the recommendations of the FITT formula, can lead to chronic injury as repetitive activity causes stress to . Physics. Traumatic brain injury such as concussion results when the head undergoes a very large acceleration The person with the injury may be able to act 'normally' for short periods in front of visitors or publicly, so that many won't believe the difficult home situation as described by the family. Rather than offer support, friends or members of the extended family may make judgements about how a person cares for their relative Close family members are likely to experience high levels of anxiety and depression during the years following a brain injury. As time elapses, there is often a decrease in relatives' capacity for coping, particularly with emotional and behavioural problems

Describe how acquired brain injury can affect the family

  1. A traumatic brain injury is a type of acquired brain injury that occurs following an impact to the head, causing damage to the brain tissue. These head injuries can be classified as either penetrating or non-penetrating. Long-term effects may range from mild to severe, depending on the patient
  2. Inappropriate sexual behaviours. Disinhibited or poorly controlled behaviour, particularly sexual behaviour, can be a distressing change following acquired brain injury. Inappropriate sexual behaviours can include: Sexual conversation or content. Comments and jokes of a personal or sexual nature. Inappropriate touching or grabbing
  3. g its correct functions. Brain injuries can occur in a manner of ways. Some may occur suddenly, through blunt force trauma or a stroke, whereas some are less immediately onset, such as prolonged illicit substance abuse or degenerative diseases
  4. Acquired brain injury affects every part of a person's life. This includes changes to your independence, abilities, work, and relationships with family, friends, and caregivers
  5. The effects on a family When a family member suffers a brain injury, people have to come to terms with the changes to the family caused by the injury, as well as the changes to the person. A family member can be anyone who has a primary relationship with the person with the brain injury

Impact of Brain Injury on Families and Carers - Synaps

  1. However with Acquired Brain Injury, because of the lengthy process of recovery and rehabilitation, where nothing is certain and progress is uneven, the emotions associated with loss come and go in cycles. One day a family member may feel grief at all the losses and the next day feel elated because the person with the injury has made some progress. Brain injury involves loss and yet the nature of the recovery and rehabilitation process interrupts and disrupts the grieving of that loss
  2. Unit 535 Understand the impact of Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals 1.1Define Acquired Brain Injury An acquired Brain Injury is a brain injury that occurs after birth due to trauma or infection for example, not as part of a genetic or congenital disorder. How they feel towards family will probably change and trust and support will be.
  3. The more severe the brain injury, the more pronounced the long-term effects are likely to be. Survivors of more severe brain injury are likely to have complex long-term problems affecting their personality, their relationships and their ability to lead an independent life

A person may exhibit different behaviours after brain injury that are uncharacteristic or new. They may also impact recovery and rehabilitation. Behavioural effects of brain injury include depression, anger, impulsivity and social dysfunction. Learn more about the behavioural effects of brain injury People with an acquired brain injury may be at risk of suicide at some stage of their recovery process. It is very important for family members and friends to recognise the danger signs, know how to help and who to turn to for advice or referral The term Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is used to describe all types of brain injury that occur after birth. The brain can be injured as a result of: traumatic brain injury (TBI) stroke. brain tumour. poisoning. infection and disease. near drowning or other anoxic episodes. alcohol and drug abuse After a TBI, the nerve cells in the brain may no longer send information to each other the way they normally do. This is why people with a TBI may have changes in their physical abilities. A brain injury can affect physical abilities, such as

Family reaction to a brain injury Headwa

Brain Injury not only affects its victim, but those around them. In many cases, relatives are often overlooked despite facing many obstacles accepting and adjusting to a new way of life. Family Experience of Brain Injury showcases a unique collaboration between relatives of brain injured individuals and professionals from the field of neurorehabilitation. Family members from all different. Definition of Acquired Brain Injury. An acquired brain injury is defined as: Damage to the brain, which occurs after birth and is not related to a congenital or a degenerative disease. These impairments may be temporary or permanent and cause partial or functional disability or psychosocial maladjustment. - World Health Organization (Geneva 1996 The severity of brain damage can vary with the type of brain injury. A mild brain injury is usually temporary and causes such symptoms as headaches, confusion, memory problems, and nausea. In a moderate brain injury, symptoms can last longer and be more pronounced. In both cases, most patients make a good recovery Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain. It is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults. TBI is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that happen to the brain. The damage can be focal (confined to one area of the brain) or diffuse (happens in more. Brain injury can happen to anyone. It doesn't matter what age, race, gender or profession as it can happen to just about anybody. According to the Brain Injury Association of America, the severity of a head injury can be classified as mild moderate or severe. It can also be traumatic or non-traumatic to describe the cause of injury

Describe how you would support a client with acquired brain injury who demonstrated cognitive deficits as a result of their injury. Identify a minimum of 2 possible problems you might encounter and what positive intervention strategies you would use to help the person The above concerns are not the only potential types of acquired brain injury (non-traumatic). Some other common sources of these injuries include: Seizures, especially grand mal seizures that last longer than 60 seconds. Diabetes and some other endocrine system disorders. Reaction to a medical procedure or prescription drug As areas of the brain become affected in this way, the functions or abilities controlled by that area, such as information recall, become limited or are lost. Incidence. Alzheimer's disease is most common in people over the age of 65, although it can affect people of any age An acquired disability occurs after birth. It can be caused by an accident/incident causing injury, or illness. As for specific examples that could be any disability under the sun - physical, mental, neurological etc. Since you asked though I'll g..

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Family Change After Brain Injury BrainLin

What is acquired brain injury (ABI)? This section provides a thorough introduction to acquired brain injury. Many people say they hadn't heard of acquired brain injury before someone close to them was affected. Read about the brain, and how it may be affected, along with causes (traumatic and non-traumatic) and types of acquired brain injury The brain controls speech and language. If the parts of the brain responsible for speech and language are damaged there can be difficulties with communication. The difficulties will depend on the nature and extent of the damage to the brain. Speech, language and communication difficulties can have a major impact on everyday life As the main aim of this paper is to describe how clinicians in child and adolescent mental health can help these children and their families, the specific problems arising from acquired brain injury will be described only briefly and the reader is referred to more extensive sources on head injury (Reference Broman and Michel Broman & Michel.

Acquired brain injuries (or ABIs) occur due to damage to the brain. ABIs can occur at any time during someone's life. It's difficult to predict how an ABI may eventually impact someone, but, these injuries do have the potential to cause a variety of different mental, emotional, and physical problems Acquired brain injury (AI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TI), stroke, AI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor Learning and cognitive effects of acquired brain injury Meningitis and septicaemia can be a cause of acquired brain injury (ABI). This is an injury to the brain that has happened after birth. This fact sheet includes information about problems with thinking, learning and making decisions as a result of ABI after meningitis and septicaemia Abrain injury can affect every area of a child's life, including thinking, behavior, emotions, communication, physical abilities and personal relationships. Recovery from a brain injury is a process that takes time and can be difficult. Ongoing lifestyle and relationship adjustments may be necessary. Family activities An acquired brain injury may be caused by stroke, near drowning, insufficient or no oxygen (i.e. hypoxic or anoxic brain injury), brain tumors, neurotoxins, electric shock or lightning, or an injury. An acquired brain injury can be either traumatic or non-traumatic. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disruption in.

Brain damage is caused by trauma to the brain, such as during a car accident or a stroke, and can be long-lasting. The severity of brain damage caused by brain injury often depends on the area of. Cognition is the act of knowing or thinking. Some thinking abilities that can be affected by TBI include: Attention and concentration. Processing and understanding information. Memory. Planning, organizing, and assembling. Reasoning, problem-solving, decision-making, and judgment. Monitoring and watching behavior to ensure that it is socially.

Acquired brain injury - Better Health Channe

  1. Brain injury is a general term used to describe damage to the brain and may be caused by hereditary, congenital or degenerative factors. Injury to the brain can also be acquired after birth through infection, accident or trauma, in which case it may be referred to as acquired brain injury (ABI) or traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  2. The brain's white matter sends signals within the brain and to the rest of the body, so when it is damaged, it can significantly affect the entire body. Spastic quadriplegia and other forms of cerebral palsy may be caused by periventricular leukomalacias—holes or lesions in the white matter
  3. Information and support for people affected by acquired brain injury. At the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust (BIRT) we understand that head injury and acquired brain injury can affect the whole family. Our services take everyone's needs into account. Here you will find information to help you understand acquired brain injury (ABI) and how it can affect you or your family
  4. Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) A concussion can be caused by direct blows to the head, gunshot wounds, violent shaking of the head, or force from a whiplash-type injury. Both closed and open head injuries can produce a concussion. A concussion is the most common type of traumatic brain injury
  5. Not developing feelings of attraction for your client or their family members; Not worrying about your client once your shift has ended and you have gone home. (Acquired Brain Injury Outreach Service 2017) Crossing a Boundary. Realistically, boundaries will occasionally be crossed or blurred at various points in a carer-client relationship
  6. Severe brain injury can cause long-term problems that affect survivors' personalities, relationships, and independence. Headway East London tells us about the way in which the survivors they work with use art in their recovery: Survivors of brain injury often experience profound loss, alongside a huge change in identity

Selected Excerpts.. Neuropsychological impairments caused by brain injury may be characterized in terms of three functional systems (1) intellect which is the information-handling aspect of behavior; (2) emotionality, which concerns feelings and motivations; and (3) control, which has to do with how behavior is expressed . Brain damage rarely affects just one of these systems conditions may be linked in one of two ways: by direct causation, where one disease or injury results in another disorder, e.g., when TBI leads to memory impairment or epilepsy, or by associated risk factors, where the environment or agents leading to one condition also may manifest in another, e.g., sustaining a TBI and broken femur in the same explosion (Valderas et al. 2009) What can help communication or what makes communication more difficult for the person. It is helpful if family, carers and other members of the multidisciplinary team are included as much as possible in the rehabilitation process. This will support the person with brain injury to gain maximum benefit from intervention for communication problems Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is internationally recognized as a major public health problem causing death and disability [1,2,3].For survivors of severe TBI, the most common disabilities are associated with cognitive and behavioural deficits, which can impact the injured, caregivers and other family members for a long period of time [4, 5].. The effects of a traumatic brain injury can be devastating, but we will fight to secure the best possible future for you and your family. Call our Virginia office today at (757) 244-7000 for a free consultation. No obligation at all ⁠— simply a conversation about what you can do to get better, and how we can help

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The term challenging behaviour can be used to describe behaviour which is perceived as inappropriate to the social situation. Following significant Acquired Brain Injury (ABI), the person may demonstrate challenging behaviour which may be triggered by: Confusion, disorientation, misunderstanding, fear, anxiety and frustration subsequent to impairments of cognition and communication (including. The fifth leading cause of disability in the United States is stroke — a type of acquired brain injury. Almost 800,000 people suffer a stroke each year. In this video, you will learn exactly what a stroke is, who is most susceptible, what the warning signs are and what you can to do help prevent a stroke A traumatic brain injury happens from an external force, such as a blow to the head. Acquired brain injuries come from internal problems, such as lack of oxygen to the brain. When an acquired brain injury cuts off the brain's oxygen supply entirely, it is an anoxic brain injury. Brain anoxia can quickly result in permanent brain damage or.

• Acquired Brain Injury Waiver Fact Sheet (English) • Acquired Brain Injury Waiver Fact Sheet (Spanish) • Family to Family Network . Please complete the items on the Intake Checklist and mail, email, or fax them to us using the information below: Division of Services for People with Disabilities Intake Unit - 3rd Floor . 195 N 1950 Causes of Brain Injury. Depending on the cause, a brain injury is either traumatic or non-traumatic. Mild brain injury may affect brain cells temporarily, while serious brain injury can be long term. Learn more about the causes of brain injury, including the two main types Traumatic Brain Injuries in Students. Traumatic brain injuries come with a lot of uncertainties, as no two injuries are identical. The location of the injury, the medical and rehabilitative care after the initial injury, the age of the individual and more can all affect how a traumatic brain injury heals and what effects linger.For some, including mild traumatic brain injuries—also known as. A brain injury can affect the very essence of a person. Personality, memory, reason, and temperament may all be affected in debilitating ways by brain trauma. Acquired Brain Injury Brain injuries are typically separated into two broad categories: traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury. While traumatic brain injuries are caused by the application of an external force to the head, acquired brain injury is caused by other conditions such as a stroke, tumors, disease, toxin exposure, and oxygen deprivation

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a significant and growing type of disability in South Africa. Coping with the impact of traumatic brain injury is one of the most difficult tasks that can confront a family, and family members experience a wide range of needs as the injured person progresses through rehabilitation id 4. Identify and describe 2 observable impairments of a person with an acquired brain injury. (6 marks, one for impairment and possibly two for the description of the impairment) 5. Describe how acquired brain injury can affect the family. 6. Describe how you would support a client with acquired brain Injury who demonstrated cognitive. ABSTRACT. Primary objective: 1) To explore family members' lived experiences of driving disruption at early and later stages of the recovery continuum following acquired brain injury (ABI).2) To describe health-related quality of life of family members of individuals with ABI who are experiencing driving disruption

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is the term used to describe all kinds of brain injury that occur after birth. This includes injury to the brain caused by trauma (as can occur in a motor vehicle accident or assault), cerebrovascular accident (stroke), hypoxic event (a Acquired brain injury. Acquired brain injury (ABI) refers to an injury to the brain resulting in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning. It can result from traumatic causes such as car accidents, falls and assaults, or from non-traumatic causes such as stroke, hypoxia (insufficient oxygen), infection, tumour. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be caused by a forceful bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, or from an object that pierces the skull and enters the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The type of injury also affects how the brain is damaged An object that goes through brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. More-serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain

Acquired brain injury (ABI) healthdirec

It can take a long time to recover from a brain injury and the effects can be difficult on family and loved ones. Many TBI symptoms do not manifest right away. Most accident victims who suffer any sort of head trauma are subjected to MRI and CAT scans to ensure that there is no immediate brain injury, after the patient is stabilized Acquired dystonia, also called secondary dystonia, results from environmental or other damage to the brain, or from exposure to certain types of medications. Some causes of acquired dystonia include birth injury (including hypoxia, a lack of oxygen to the brain, and neonatal brain hemorrhage), certain infections, reactions to certain drugs. Brain injury. A condition where there is long-term or temporary disruption in brain function resulting from injury to the brain. Difficulties with the cognitive, physical, emotional, or social functioning may occur. Use person with a brain injury, woman who has sustained brain injury, or boy with an acquired brain injury Post-Traumatic Brain Injury Syndrome, also known as PTBIS, is a set of symptoms that a person may experience for weeks, months, years or life after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Some symptoms may manifest a substantial period of time (months or years) after TBI. PTBIS may occur subsequent to mild, moderate, and severe cases of traumatic brain. Brain injury, also called acquired brain injury, is any damage to the brain affecting a person physically, emotionally or behaviorally. Brain injuries can happen at birth, or later, from an illness or a trauma, and are called either traumatic or non-traumatic, depending on the specific cause

Inappropriate sexual behaviours after a brain injur

Description. Acquired brain injury includes a complex group of medical and surgical problems that are caused by trauma to the head. Some of these problems result from a direct impact to a particular portion of the skull or brain: a skull fracture occurs when the bone of the skull cracks or breaks, and in a depressed skull fracture pieces of broken skull press into the brain the injury can become a major source of concern. Families of children with acquired brain injury Before considering effective interventions in more detail, it is important to review the effect of injury on families. Head injury in children (and in adults) always has considerable implications for the family and no adequate intervention can. Cognitive Intervention for Children with Traumatic Brain Injury. This one year pilot study will examine the effectiveness of a short-term, individualized occupational therapy intervention with children 7-15 years of age who are experiencing difficulties at home and school after a traumatic brain injury. Read Resourc The terms Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) or acquired brain damage are used to describe all types of brain injury that occur after birth. The complications and difficulties that arise are varied and may include a range of hidden cognitive disabilities such as short-term memory loss, through to physical difficulties suc


Causes of Traumatic and Acquired Brain Injuries

Brain Injury Symptoms and Effects. TBIs are the most common type of acquired brain injury. They cause a wide variety of symptoms, including damage to cells, blood vessels and nerves in the brain. TBI symptoms range in severity based on which part of the brain is affected and the extent of the damage. Physical Symptoms Acquired brain injury (ABI) has been defined as damage to the brain that occurs after birth from traumatic or non-traumatic causes [].It is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide and the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, and long term consequences of ABI are well documented [2, 3].Recent data from Faul et al. showed that each year, approximately 1.7 million people sustain a.

What is an acquired brain injury - Caregiver

Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is an important public health problem with many serious consequences. 1,2 While most patients with MTBI recover symptomatically within 2-3 weeks after injury, at least 15% of patients report persistent cognitive symptoms that are an important source of distress and disability after injury. 3 ⇓ -5 Now an important body of work reveals MTBI-related WM. This unit concludes by looking at how an acquired brain injury can affect people, depending on which part of the brain has suffered damage. Unit 2: The Effects of Acquired Brain Injuries. Examines the ways in which an acquired brain injury can impact on a person's life, and on their families and friends acquired brain injury Summary Acquired brain injury (ABI) refers to any damage to the brain that occurred after birth. Common causes of ABI include accidents, stroke, lack of oxygen and degenerative neurological disease. ABI-related disability can affect cognitive, physical, emotional and independent functioning Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a blow, bump or jolt to the head, the head suddenly and violently hitting an object or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Observing one of the following clinical signs constitutes alteration in the normal brain function Acquired AOS typically results from brain injury in people who have already learned how to speak. Damage to a wide range of brain areas has been associated with the disorder, mostly in the left hemisphere. Developmental AOS begins very early in life and in many cases may be genetic

Effects on the Individual - Chronic Illness Alliance

Cognitive-communication disorders can be identified using the Cognitive-Communication Checklist for Acquired Brain Injury (CCCABI), a free online screening tool. Once cognitive-communication disorders are identified, a referral should be made to the speech-language pathologist for a full assessment Alcohol-related brain damage (ARBD), or alcohol-related brain injury (ARBI), is an umbrella term for the damage that can happen to the brain as a result of long-term heavy drinking. Over time, drinking too much alcohol can change the way the brain works and its physical shape and structure. This can bring some very serious consequences. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. It is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. 1 Improvements in the acute management of TBI have resulted in a reduction in mortality rates for people with severe TBI. This, together with the relative youth of those who.

Rehabilitation professionals should communicate with family members and school personnel to help find the most effective ways to help the student return. This communication may need to be initiated by the student's family. School personnel should be contacted as soon as possible after the injury to plan for the student's return to school An acquired brain injury (ABI) describes a brain injury that occurs after birth. They can be classified as traumatic brain injuries. They can be classified as traumatic brain injuries. However, TBIs are caused by an external force, whereas ABIs also include internal conditions like a stroke, infections, oxygen loss and medical errors Communication impairment is a major consequence of acquired brain injury (ABI) and can impact every facet of an individual's life (MacDonald, 2017).Incidence rates for communication impairment after ABI vary greatly and depend on multiple factors including the population characteristics (etiology, severity, time post injury), sampling characteristics (recruitment, assessment measures), and the. Diffuse Axonal Injury. This type of brain injury is common in car accidents. It arises not from a bump to the head but from extreme forces exerted on the head and brain, such as those in a serious car crash or amusement park ride. If the brain rapidly moves around inside the skull, it can compromise the connection between the brain and the rest.

Introduction. Increasing numbers of people in industrialised nations are living with acquired brain injury (ABI), which is the leading cause of disability in people under forty (Fleminger and Ponsford, 2005).Although the immediate response to brain injury is the preserve of medical doctors and clinicians, social work has an important role to play in both rehabilitative and longer-term support. Introduction. Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is a life changing event which can have a devastating impact on all aspects of a person's functioning, taking away a survivors' personal sense of meaning and identity (Gracey et al., 2009; Carroll and Coetzer, 2011; Ownsworth and Haslam, 2014).Learning to live with the impact of ABI presents significant challenges under the best of circumstances. Acquired brain injury and exercise What is acquired brain injury? In Australia, acquired brain injury (ABI) is the term most commonly used to describe any damage to the brain that occurs after birth. More than 430,000 (2.2%) Australians have an ABI. Causes include trauma resulting from an external force (e.g. a direct blow to the head, crush. Dysarthria can be developmental or acquired: Developmental dysarthria happens as a result of brain damage, either before a baby is born or at birth. For example, cerebral palsy can cause dysarthria. Children tend to have developmental dysarthria. Acquired dysarthria happens as a result of brain damage later in life. For example, a stroke, a.

Brain injury and epilepsy affect thousands of people a year. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), over 3 million adults and 470,000 children across the U.S. deal with the brain disorder.. Whether they inherited it through genetics or acquired it through traumatic brain injury, many with epilepsy share the same questions about how brain injury and epilepsy are connected Acquired brain injury, also known as head injury or traumatic brain injury (TBI), is defined as injury to the brain which occurred as a result of trauma, and is non-progressive. Damage can be caused by an accident or trauma, brain infection, meningitis, cerebral malaria, alcohol or drug abuse Brain Injury Clubhouses: An innovative service model for persons with brain injury Session description: Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Clubhouses are supportive community centers modeled after mental health clubhouses that offer people living with brain injury opportunities to resume productive lives through partnership, work, and social connections Mild acquired brain injury (MABI), also known as concussion, can damage the brain at the cellular level. Each severe brain injury costs our medical system over $1,000,000 at the time of injury. Costs remain approximately $400,000 each year following the incident due to indirect expenses and follow-up treatment. Photo By Ed Yourdon The Development and the Use of the Virginia Brain Injury Screening Tool. Presented by: Donna K. Broshek, ABPP-CN John Edward Fowler Professor, Psychiatry & Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Va Health System. This webinar will describe the need for a brief screening tool to identify clients receiving care in community agencies who might have sustained an acquired or traumatic brain injury

Acquired Brain Injuries: We frequently represent victims of acquired brain injuries, also known as ABIs or traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). As the name implies, these injuries are not present at birth but are acquired later in life, often as a result of a sudden, physical jolt that damages the brain The cerebrum or cortex is the largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action. There are over 600 known neurological disorders and conditions that affect the human nervous system and for many of them treatment options are extremely limited. In addition to the physical and mental toll these. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of fatality and disability worldwide. Despite its high prevalence, effective treatment strategies for TBI are limited. Traumatic brain injury induces structural and functional alterations of astrocytes, the most abundant cell type in the brain. As a way of coping with the trauma, astrocytes respond in diverse mechanisms that result in. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a traumatic event causes harm to the brain. Falling, car accidents, sports injuries, and being physically attacked can all cause TBIs. 1 . Some TBIs are mild, producing headaches or dizziness that improve on their own within a few days. TBI can also cause serious long term effects (like physical.